Areas reporting confirmed and/or suspected Cholera in Haiti
View Overall Haiti Cholera Epidemic Map in a larger map
unmultimedia.org - mAY 14, 2015
A "surge" in the number of new cholera cases in Haiti has created the risk of a humanitarian crisis, the UN expert in charge of fighting the disease said Thursday.
Assistant Secretary-General and Senior Coordinator for Cholera Response in Haiti Pedro Medrano Rojas said that the last three months have seen more than 12,000 new cases of the disease and that the struggling Caribbean country is on course for 50,000 cases this year.
Mr Rojas called for help from the international community, telling Daniel Johnson that Haiti will continue to need outside help for many years after the devastating 2010 earthquake.
pcom.edu - by Kathleen Louden
On one of the many medical aid trips that Dr. Chvotzkin has made to Haiti, a seven months’ pregnant woman came to see her at the Haiti Clinic, where Dr. Chvotzkin volunteers. The Haitian woman reported she did not feel well. Then, to the surprise of Dr. Chvotzkin, an obstetrician-gynecologist at HealthPark Medical Center in Fort Myers, Florida, the woman suddenly suffered a seizure and became unresponsive.
Because the clinic, then located in Cité Soleil near Port-au-Prince, is not equipped to treat such emergencies, she accompanied the expectant mother to the local hospital. As they drove through dangerous, gang-ridden slums, Dr. Chvotzkin feared more for her patient’s life than her own safety.
Baby Boy–April 2015 (Photo by John Carroll)
blogs.pjstar.com - by John Carroll - April 26, 2015
Several mornings ago a young mother carried her 12 month old baby boy into the pediatric clinic in Cite Soleil. (I will refer to him as “Baby Boy”). The mom and Baby Boy had been triaged to a wooden bench surrounded by about 25 other very pathetic slum babies and mothers who had made it that far in the process. However, one glance at Baby Boy was all one needed to know he was sick and that he needed to be evaluated right away. His eyes were sunk, his lips were dry, and except for quiet respirations, he wasn’t moving.
His mother stated that she recently had him in the only functioning Cholera Treatment Center (CTC) in Soleil for four days in a hospital called St.Luc’s which is about a mile from our pediatric clinic.
A father looks over his young girl as she receives an IV at a Red Cross [file]
sentinel.ht - by Samuel Maxime - March 30, 2015
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti- Experts say Cholera will continue to kill and infect citizens as long as they lack access to clean water and sanitation. This information comes as suspected cases and deaths have doubled in January and February compared to the year prior and twenty of the nation's communes are on red alert.
A ribbon-cutting ceremony on March 23 commemorates the opening of GHESKIO's new tuberculosis hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
weill.cornell.edu - March 27, 2015
In a major advance in the fight against drug-resistant tuberculosis, the Haitian Study Group on Opportunistic Infections and Kaposi's Sarcoma, or GHESKIO, has opened a state-of-the-art hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to treat patients suffering from the disease.
The hospital's opening comes five years after a catastrophic earthquake crippled Haiti's infrastructure and destroyed the five major TB hospitals in the capital city, including the one run by GHESKIO. GHESKIO is a nongovernmental service, research and training center that operates in partnership with Weill Cornell Medical College and the Haitian Ministry of Health. It provides integrated primary care services, including HIV counseling, AIDS care, prenatal care and management of TB, cholera and other infectious diseases, as well as global health and educational services to more than 500,00 of the poorest Haitians. Since its inception in 1982, GHESKIO has become one of the largest AIDS and TB treatment centers in the Americas.
haitilibre.com - July 9, 2014
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti May 7, 2014 (AP) - ABC News
A mosquito-borne virus that has spread rapidly through the Caribbean since it was documented in the region for the first time in December has been confirmed in Haiti, a government official said Tuesday.
Authorities have confirmed 14 cases of the chikungunya virus in Haiti, Health Minister Florence Guillaume Duperval said.
Duperval said in an interview with Radio Metropole that the government would soon begin airing public health advisories on the radio to alert people to the symptoms, which can include a sharp fever, headache and joint pain.
nytimes.com - April 23, 2014
The problem of ending Haiti’s cholera epidemic does not stem from an absence of planning. There is a 10-year plan to eradicate cholera from Hispaniola, the island Haiti shares with the Dominican Republic, by 2022. Within the 10-year plan is a two-year plan to get the 10-year plan up and running.
A young Haitian fishing in the Latem River, known to be contaminated. The country is still struggling to stem a cholera epidemic. Ian Willms for The New York Times
nytimes.com - By RANDAL C. ARCHIBOLD and SOMINI SENGUPTA - April 19, 2014
CHAPOTEAU, Haiti — For three years, the United Nations has refused to address whether its peacekeepers brought a deadly strain of cholera to Haiti, insisting instead that it was more important to help the country stanch the disease once and for all.
But on that score, it is still very far behind. In some ways, Haiti is even less equipped to tackle cholera than it was three years ago.
promedmail.org - April 6, 2014
The Ministry of Public Health confirmed an outbreak of chikungunya virus [infection] in the Nigua municipality of San Cristobal province.
The Minister of Health, Dr. Freddy Hidalgo Nunez, stated that blood samples from people affected with fever and intensive joint pain were sent to the [USA] CDC and were positive for chikungunya virus. The official issued this information on Friday [4 Apr 2014] and said that Public Health sought laboratory assistance for virus diagnosis from the Centers for Disease Control in the United States in order to confirm the presence of the virus in the country.
Division of Epidemiology, Laboratory and Research (Direction d’Epidémiologie, de Laboratoire et de Recherches or DELR)
cdcfoundation.org - by Terri Heyns - March 28, 2014
Just over a year ago, I traveled to Haiti with the CDC Foundation to commemorate the completion of two new public health buildings supported through donations to the CDC Foundation, the central office of the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MSPP) and the headquarters of the Division of Epidemiology, Laboratory and Research (DELR). Both buildings marked a milestone in the country’s recovery and reconstruction since the earthquake.
Since that visit, Haiti’s health minister has moved into her new office and phase one of the new ministry compound, with space for roughly 250 employees, is operational.
wilsoncenter.org - February 14, 2014
Baby Boy (Photo by John Carroll)
. . So what happened here? Didn’t you hear that things are going much better in Haiti now? I read it in the news. . .
We won’t be able to go to Soleil tomorrow. Too much shooting. Gangs against gangs and then the police come and shoot too. My driver Djongo does not play. He grew up in Soleil.
That is what Djongo told me a few weeks ago. But the next morning I talked him into taking me into Soleil anyway.
There were no gunshots that fine morning as we coursed through the Soleil streets near the general market where MINUSTAH and the Haitian police are located. Everything seemed normal. But the general pediatric clinic in the back of Soleil was only one-quarter full and the starving-baby clinic was one-half full. My guess was that the mothers were too afraid to navigate the streets of the slum with their babies and toddlers. So they stayed closer to home. Food and illness and immunizations came in second to the threat of bullets.
submitted by Albert Gomez
https://www.facebook.com/bill.waterman.10/posts/10202141413724766 - October 17, 2013
We have had two cases of Cholera from the elderly at our nursing home Bon Samaritan. One passed away last night and the other is being treated at the cholera center. There has been at least 6 local cases I am told. Please keep all of us here in your prayers. I have had this once already and it is by far the worst you can have. We have lost four of our people in 10 days now, counting a grandchild of one of our staff. It has been a rough week for all of us.
Bon Samaritan De Ouanamithe
csis.org - September 5th, 2013 - Katherine Bliss, Matt Fisher
In October 2010, just nine months after an earthquake devastated the capital city of Port-au-Prince and displaced an estimated 1.5 million people, Haiti’s Ministry of Public Health and Population reported a cholera outbreak in two of the country’s most impoverished regions. It was the first time cholera—a diarrheal disease associated with the consumption of food and water contaminated by feces infected with the bacterium vibrio cholerae—had been identified in the country in at least 100 years. Within a month of the initial report, cholera had spread not only to all regions of Haiti but also to the neighboring Dominican Republic.
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ap.org - September 27, 2013
MEXICO CITY (AP) — Mexico's health authorities say cholera has killed one person and sickened at least another nine in central Mexico.
Mexico's Health Department says two cases were detected in Mexico City and the rest in the nearby state of Hidalgo, where one person died.
The department on Friday declared a health emergency for Hidalgo.
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news.harvard.edu - by Peter Reuell - July 22, 2013
Researchers have long understood that genetics can play a role in susceptibility to cholera, but a team of Harvard scientists is now uncovering evidence of genetic changes that might also help protect some people from contracting the deadly disease.
Based on genetic data gathered from hundreds of people in Bangladesh, a research team made up of Harvard faculty and scientists from the Broad Institute and the Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) was able to identify a number of areas in the genome — some are responsible for certain immune system functions, others are connected to fluid loss — that appear to be related to cholera resistance. Later tests showed genetic differences between people who had contracted the disease and those who had been exposed, but never became ill. The results are described in a paper published this month in Science Translational Medicine.
Please see the cholera statistics below from our 3 facility locations. Any help with supplies would be greatly appreciated.
Stats as of August 13:
60 in Fond Baptiste
13 in Petite Bois
48 in Williamson
Rita Colwell, shown here in the laboratory, helped discover that simple filtration can be a key to reducing cholera.
cnn.com - by Kelly Murray - June 5, 2013
Dr. Rita Colwell has studied cholera for nearly 50 years, and has written more than 700 publications and received at least 40 honorary degrees. The former director of the National Science Foundation and former president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Colwell is currently a distinguished professor at both the University of Maryland, College Park and Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health.
CNN spoke with Colwell about her research and how she and her team helped develop an incredibly simple method to help the people of rural Bangladesh have cleaner, safer drinking water. The following is an edited portion of that interview.
Image: An international coaliton pledges their support.
defend.ht - June 4th, 2013
An international coalition consisting of the World Bank, Pan American Health Organization and UNICEF has pledged* an accumulated $28.1 million [US] to fight cholera in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
The pledged* support includes $20 million [US] from the World Bank, $5 million [US] from UNICEF and $3.1 million [US] from PAHO and the World Health Organization (WHO).
The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which accumulated billions after the earthquake in Haiti, said it would launch a donation drive for funds.
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At a camp for displaced persons in Port au Prince, Haiti, residents get bleach and water purification tablets which are used in cholera prevention. Photo: UN/MINUSTAH/Logan Abassi
18 July 2013 – The United Nations emergency relief fund will allocate an additional $1.5 million to the cholera response in Haiti, at a time when cases are set to rise due to the rainy season.
“Cholera has claimed over 8,100 lives and infected over 660,000 people since the outbreak began in Haiti in 2010,” said the Operations Director of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), John Ging.
“It is vital that we do not allow more lives to be lost.”
The latest allocation brings the total amount provided this year by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for emergency cholera response in Haiti to $4 million.
“The CERF contribution is greatly appreciated,” said acting Humanitarian Coordinator for Haiti Sophie de Caen, “but we cannot rely upon the CERF as a primary funding source. I urge donors to increase their support to these critical activities.”
mbio.asm.org - July 2, 2013
Prior to the epidemic that emerged in Haiti in October of 2010, cholera had not been documented in this country. After its introduction, a strain of Vibrio cholerae O1 spread rapidly throughout Haiti, where it caused over 600,000 cases of disease and >7,500 deaths in the first two years of the epidemic. We applied whole-genome sequencing to a temporal series of V. cholerae isolates from Haiti to gain insight into the mode and tempo of evolution in this isolated population of V. cholerae O1. Phylogenetic and Bayesian analyses supported the hypothesis that all isolates in the sample set diverged from a common ancestor within a time frame that is consistent with epidemiological observations. A pangenome analysis showed nearly homogeneous genomic content, with no evidence of gene acquisition among Haiti isolates.
haitilibre.com - June 11, 2013
Monday, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the Dominican Ministry of Public Health and the Directorate General of Livestock confirmed in a joint statement, that they they have not recorded a single case of bird flu or swine flu in the Dominican Republic.
For Freddy Hidalgo, the Dominican Minister of Public Health and Lilian Reneau, local representative of PAHO, there is "a confusion in the information on the presence of this virus in the Dominican Republic." Octavio de la Maza, the Deputy Director of Livestock in the Dominbican Republic attributed to "speculation" the allegations of the presence of the virus in the country.
For José Del Castillo Savinon, the Dominican Minister of Industry and Commerce it is clear that the Haitian authorities have confused the virus A / H1N1 human influenza (not transmitted to animals) with other strains, which relate to animals).
World Health Statistics 2013 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.
This year, it also includes highlight summaries on the topics of reducing the gaps between the world’s most-advantaged and least-advantaged countries, and on current trends in official development assistance (ODA) for health.
For additional information, see link below:
World Health Statistics 2013 - (Full Report - 172 page .PDF report)
submitted by Ted Kaplan
sciencecodex.com - April 16, 2013
CHICAGO --- The cholera strain that transferred to Haiti in 2010 has multiple toxin gene mutations that may account for the severity of disease and is evolving to be more like an 1800s version of cholera, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study.
The strain, "altered El Tor," which emerged around 2000, is known to be more virulent and to cause more severe diarrhea and dehydration than earlier strains that had been circulating since the 1960s. This study reports the altered El Tor strain has acquired two additional signature mutations during the past decade that may further increase virulence.
In this paper, Dr. Jean Gaudart, et al. describe and analyze the spatio-temporal dynamics and underlying factors associated with the first year of the 2010 cholera epidemic in Haiti. Environmental factors, such as rivers and rice fields, appeared to play a role in disease dynamics exclusively during the beginning of the epidemic, but varied from place to place as time passed, suggesting the need for rapid and exhaustive case tracking.
In October 2010, cholera importation in Haiti triggered an epidemic that rapidly proved to be the world's largest epidemic of the seventh cholera pandemic. To establish effective control and elimination policies, strategies rely on the analysis of cholera dynamics. In this report, we describe the spatio-temporal dynamics of cholera and the associated environmental factors.
Haiti - Undernourished: 44.5% of population
Climate vulnerability index: very high - Category 5
The map shows the prevalence of undernourishment in the total population as of 2010 - 2012. The indicator is an estimate of the percentage of the population having access to an amount of energy from food insufficient to maintain a healthy life.